Gen. Hideki Kojo and Cabinet
18 July – Gen. Hideki Kojo, the Japanese Prime Minister and Chief of Staff resigned along with his entire cabinet. The former premiers of Japan as an advisory group had moved the Emperor to form a new government in the wake of the increasing defeats. Gen. Kuniaki and Adm. Mitsumasa Yonai took over the Army and Navy, which Tojo had been running under one office.
For two weeks, the bombardments of Guam in the Marianas had continued. On the 19th, US Navy ships started the 2-day pre-landing attacks, focusing on the Asan and Agat beaches. A Japanese diary of these days read: “On this island, no matter where one goes, the shell follows.”
While Marines crawl onto a beach, an enemy shell explodes a troop-laden amtrac offshore. Survivors from other shelled amtracs are swimming toward the beach. (National Archives)
21 July – The 1st Marine…